Tips for Planing Wood: Working with the Wood Grain
I've always had trouble planing, and I didn't realize most of my issues were related to my complete ignorance of wood grain properties. If you plane against the grain, the wood will splinter. You plane with the grain. If the grain is rising, you plane "up the hill," not "down the hill." Understanding the cut is also hugely important, whether it's quarter-sawn or rift-sawn, for example.
Wood shavings on the cat. "Such a high price to pay for pest control," says Elmer.
Boards in the vice keep the metal from damaging the wood in the vice.